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Metagenomic Analysis Reveals Microbial Communities in Lake Qarun – Egypt
 
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Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mahmoud Mohamed Yosef   

Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
Publication date: 2022-02-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(2):70–76
 
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ABSTRACT
Abstract Characterization of water quality in Lake Qarun indicated that the water is very poor for irrigation and aquatic life. At the same time, the bacterial community were represented mainly by five bacterial phyla with different proportions Firmicutes (53 %), Proteobacteria (33 %), Bacteroidetes (7%), Actinobacteria (5%) and Thermi (1%). Furthermore, metagenomes prediction of bacterial communities using PICRUSt indicated important functional gene families associated with, metabolism, environmental information, genetic information processing, and cellular processes. It is worth noting that Benzoate degradation had the highest average relative abundance, followed by aminobenzoate degradation among 18 individual KEGG pathways from xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism which showed higher relative abundance. Our data indicate that different source of pollution in Qarun Lakes have an impact on the bacterial community's structure., the biota and is expected to cause health problems.