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Microalgae Biomass Modelling and Optimization for Sustainable Biotechnology – A Concise Review
 
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1
School of Pharmacy, Jinan University, 855 Xingye Avenue East, Guangzhou, 511436, China
2
Departments of Environmental Management, Kaduna State University, Tafawa Balewa Way, Kabala Coastain 800283, Kaduna, Nigeria
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kamel Meguellati   

School of Pharmacy, Jinan University, 855 Xingye Avenue East, Guangzhou, 511436, China
 
 
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ABSTRACT
The autotrophic forms of microalgae are referred to as "efficient biological factories" because they play a significant role in CO2 removal from the atmosphere by utilizing CO2 for the process of photosynthesis. The industrial application of microalgae biomass includes the production of cosmetics, health products, fertilizers, biofuel, feeds, and food. Microalgae biomass is also an important tool used in the treatment of wastewater. The current review is aimed at reviewing the progress and prospects of microalgae resource modelling and optimization as a tool for sustainable biotechnology. The mechanism of biomass production by microalgae tends to vary according to whether the microalgae are autotrophic, heterotrophic, or mixotrophic organisms. In the current study, the modelling and optimization of microalgae biomass production were discussed, as well as the modelling of CO2 sequestration, light intensity, nutrients, and photobioreactor. The role of microalgal biomass production in attaining sustainable biotechnology has also been extensively studied. Microalgae are emerging tool use in the phycoremediation of wastewater and reduction of high CO2 level. The modelling and optimization of microalgae biomass production will help to upscale the production of the microalgal based fuel and bioproducts from model scale to money-making level.