Monitoring of the Dendrometric Changes Influenced by Soil Water Content
Vladimír Kišš 1  
,  
Viliam Bárek 1  
,  
Beáta Novotná 1  
,  
 
 
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Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Hospodárska 7, 94901 Nitra
Publish date: 2019-01-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(1):34–38
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ABSTRACT:
Drought is generally associated with the persistence of low precipitation amount, decreased soil moisture and water availability relative to the normal levels in a designated area. The effects of drought, range from the morphological to molecular levels, and are evident at all phenological stages of the plant growth, at whatever stage the water deficit occurs. Determination of the surface water demands for irrigation purposes comes out from the assumption of hydrologic processes stationarity. This paper shows our research prerequisite that water stress participates in an important part on the volume changes of over ground parts, which is predictive for the irrigation demand. Malus domestica var. Yellow Transparent was chosen for the measurement of volume changes of the surface plant parts. Our measurements were realised by the Diameter dendrometer small (DD-S) from 24.08. - 13.09.2017. One tree was irrigated by the dose of 50 mm. We compared the dendrometric changes to soil moisture and rainfall on both irrigated and non-irrigated trees. The experiment showed the differences between the irrigated apple tree (the diameters of the branches fluctuated between 11.9 and 12.1 mm) and the non-irrigated apple tree (the diameter of the branches increased after three-day rain from 8.35 to 8.61 mm), in order to determine the water stress of plants based on dendrometric changes and optimize irrigation during the drought period.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Vladimír Kišš   
Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Hospodárska 7, 94901 Nitra, Hospodárska 7, 94901 Nitra, Slovak Republic