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Network Water Quality at a Hospital Center in Morocco: Bacteriological Survey and Relationship with Human Health
Rachid Flouchi 1, 2  
,   Abderrahim Elmniai 3, 4  
,   Mohamed Ben Abbou 5  
,   Ibrahim Touzani 1  
,   Kawtar Fikri-Benbrahim 1  
 
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1
Microbial Biotechnology and Bioactive Molecules Laboratory, Sciences and Technologies Faculty, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
2
High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques annex Taza, Fez, Morocco
3
Human Pathology, Biomedicine and Environment Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
4
Provincial Laboratory of Epidemiology and Environmental Hygiene, DMS Taza, Morocco
5
Natural Resources and Environment Laboratory, Taza Poly Disciplinary Faculty, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Rachid Flouchi   

Microbial Biotechnology and Bioactive Molecules Laboratory, Sciences and Technologies Faculty, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
Publication date: 2021-10-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(9):185–191
 
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ABSTRACT
Water is mandatory for hospitals functioning. Its consumption varies from one service to another, and its use can reduce the service quality on one hand and presents a major risk of nosocomial infection on the other hand. The health risks related to the use of water in hospitals are mostly microbiological but sometimes they can be chemical. For this reason, our work aimed to evaluate, for the first time, the quality and bacteriological efficiency of the network water of the provincial hospital center IBN BAJA in Taza, Northeast Morocco. During one year, 72 samples were analyzed in six surgery departments, one sample per month for each ward at a rate of six samples per month and per department. The results obtained showed that the water quality of the hospital network was in conformity with the requirements of the Moroccan standards. Nonetheless, we found some bacterial strains such as Aeromonas salmonicida spp salmonicida, Enterococcus spp., Pseudomonas luteola, Sphingomonas paucimobilis, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Stenotrophonomas maltophilia, Burkholderia cepacia and Micrococcus luteus, which constitute a major risk to human health. Moreover, after sensitivity evaluation to the twenty-seven antibiotics, some strains have been shown to be multi-resistant, which can present a major risk of nosocomial infections in hospitals for human beings.