Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.94
ICV
 
 

STUDIES ON THE EFFICIENCY OF GRUNDWATER TREATMENT PROCESS WITH ADSORPTION ON ACTIVATED ALUMINA

Ewa Szatyłowicz 1  ,  
 
1
Department of Technology in Environmental Engineering and Protection, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, 45E Wiejska St., 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(4):211–218
Publish date: 2017-07-01
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ABSTRACT:
The one of inorganic sorbents used in water treatment technology is activated alumina. Recommended by the European Commission to remove inorganic impurities, such as arsenic, fluoride, selenium and silicates. The adsorbent is usually applied in granular form, under flow conditions. It can become absorbent material increasingly used due to the presence of arsenic beside iron and manganese in groundwater intakes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of groundwater treatment in the technological system containing adsorption on activated alumina. The experiment was performed on test model CE 581 manufactured by G.U.N.T. Hamburg, in which can extract four treatment stages. The first stage is used in a gravel filter of grain size 1-2 mm, in the second sand filter of grain size 0.4-0.8 mm. The third and fourth phase includes two adsorbers. The first adsorber comprises activated alumina (Al2O3) and the other comprises a granular activated carbon. The study was conducted at different speeds of filtration: 5, 10 and 15 m/h. In the raw water samples and the purified water samples after each treatment step were determined the following parameters: pH, O2 concentration, electrolytic conductivity, SO42-, concentration, NO3- concentration, PO43- concentration, Cl-concentration, color, turbidity, iron and manganese concentration, CODMn, total hardness, calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, content of dissolved substances. Conducted research indicates that optimum filtration rate for most pollution is 15 m/h. Moreover, the presence of activated alumina has contributed to increasing the efficiency of nitrate (V) and phosphate (V) ions removal.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Ewa Szatyłowicz   
Department of Technology in Environmental Engineering and Protection, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, 45E Wiejska St., 15-351 Bialystok, Poland