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Soil Pollution Factors Affecting the Quality of Crops (Solanum Tuberosum L.)
Adem Dreshaj 1  
,   Bedri Millaku 1  
,   Albona Shala Abazi 1  
,   Arian Gashi 1  
 
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Faculty of Management in Tourism, Hospitality and Environment, University “Haxhi Zeka”, Peja 30000, Kosovo
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Adem Dreshaj   

Faculty of Management in Tourism, Hospitality and Environment, University “Haxhi Zeka”, Peja 30000, Kosovo
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(3):109–115
 
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ABSTRACT
The circulation of heavy metals in nature is characterized by high toxicity. However, the effects depend on the amount of toxic, the form of exposure to toxicity, the types of species exposed, age, sex, genetics and nutritional status, and on the consequences in ecosystems. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the environmental situation in some regions has deteriorated even more due to poor monitoring by state institutions. The challenges that await us in the future are complex and hence we risk not knowing how to meet the future challenges. The situation with toxicity and pollution is complicated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which for the first time in this century has turned into a global pandemic. Although we were not prepared to cope with this pandemic, still we succeeded to manage it better than the previous pandemics. High concentrations of heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, and nickel are among the metals that are dangerous for the public health of citizens. Metallic elements are characterized by toxic effects, especially with the consumption of food products. High concentrations cause great damage to human and animal organs but sometimes even small concentrations of it can have harmful effects. The increase in toxic concentration has affected industrial development, poor waste management, the release of toxic gases from industrial activities, as well as use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture. High toxicity causes health damage, e.g. resulting from human exposure to metal toxicity and the use of contaminated foods. The heavy metals present in the environment such as Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Se, Zn, Co, Cr, are essential nutrients required for various biochemical and physiological functions.