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Spacio-temporal Estimation of Soil Erosion by RUSLE Model in Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed, Philippines
 
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1
Division of Soil Science, Agricultural Systems Institute, College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines
 
2
School of Environmental Science and Management, UPLB
 
 
Corresponding author
Rodelio Tobias Alejo, Jr.   

Division of Soil Science, Agricultural Systems Institute, College of Agriculture and Food Science, University of the Philippines Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines
 
 
 
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ABSTRACT
Soil erosion is both cause and effect of land degradation. Land use/land cover conversion that changes the inherent landscape structure of watersheds leads to increase soil loss. Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed (PCW) as a major source of irrigation, electricity, biodiversity, livelihood, and other ecosystem services, thus, it is imperative to spatially and temporally estimates the soil erosion within its boundary to assist and guide decision-makers in planning conservation and management of the watershed. Using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) model, remotely sensed data, soil analysis, and geographical information system, soil erosion rate in PCW was estimated. Results showed that there is increasing soil erosion in PCW over time. In 2010 soil erosion rate was estimated to be 134 tons ha-1 yr-1 which increased to 141 tons ha-1 yr-1 and 154 tons ha-1 yr-1 in 2015 and 2020, respectively. Considering the average soil erosion rate and land cover types in PCW, annual crop and open/barren land cover types have the highest average soil erosion rate through time with moderate and catastrophic erosion levels, respectively.
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