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Spatiotemporal Variations of Particulate Matter in Tirana
 
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University of Shkodër, Sheshi 2 Prilli 24, Shkodër, Albania
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Medjon Hysenaj   

University of Shkodër, Sheshi 2 Prilli 24, Shkodër, Albania
Publication date: 2021-12-02
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(11):209–214
 
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ABSTRACT
Air pollution regards all chains of environmental prospective. As an actualized and future issue we concentrate our efforts to set a frame on major air pollutants and their relation. The period of study rely on 15 year time interval (2012-2016) and the geographical area is focused on data retrieved from the capital, Tirana. We canalize our investigation mainly on inhalable particle and their behavior toward other particles. The goal is to establish PM10 (Particulate Matter with a diameter < 10 μm) trend based on significant associations. We develop the analytical process due to air pollution numbers which turn to be of considerable concern in the country. PM10 and Total Suspended Particulate Matter (TSPM) have different diameter but reflect the same trend line. They show strong positive correlation value with O3 and SO2 (r > 0.75). NO2 particles seem to be less (r < 0.25) involved in this interaction. AQI (Air Quality Index) is fully depended (r > 0.92) on PM10 behavior. We test also socioeconomic and meteorological parameters that produce interesting results. IDW (Inverse Distance Weight) interpolation maps resume the geographical dispersion of PM10 values. The reductive emission index retrieved from Euro standard transition for vehicle fleet develops a new situation. We generate potentially future values of PM10 emission. Predictive scenario is created, interpolation maps are the backbone of this methodology.