THE ANTHROPOGENIC INUNDATED AREA ”SZCZECIN” IN THE ZONE OF ACTIVE UNDERGROUND EXPLOITATION OF HARD COAL IN THE LUBLIN COAL BASIN
 
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Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 36 Str., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Publish date: 2016-04-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2016; 17(2):70–80
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The investigated area lies in the geographical centre of Lublin Province. More specifically, it is located in the northern part of the Central Coal Region, between the Puchaczów-Urszulin route and the route leading through the village of Szczecin, which the investigated inundated area is named after, and between the town of Dratów and the ”Bogdanka” Hard Coal Mine. The Lublin Upland, with the Lublin Coal Basin located in its centre, has one of the most valuable natural environments in Poland. There are many reserves, Poleski National Park and Natura 2000 area. The process of the intensive hard coal exploitation makes subsidence of surface as its result. The process of basin subsidence is irreversible. This paper deals with the problem of forming an anthropogenic water reservoir and its development in compliance with the policy of sustainable development and biodiversity maintenance in the face of heavy hard coal exploitation. It is suggested to use fluorides ground water to organize a health resort based on water reservoir and the described natural environment.
 
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