Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.9
ICV
 
 

TROPHIC STATE OF SMALL RETENTION RESERVOIRS IN PODLASIE VOIVODESHIP

Joanna Szczykowska 1  ,  
Anna Siemieniuk 1  ,  
 
1
Bialystok University of Technology, Department of Technology in Engineering and Environmental Protection, ul. Wiejska 45E, 15-351 Białystok, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(5):160–167
Publish date: 2017-09-01
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The study was carried out using water samples from two small retention reservoirs located in the communes: Czarna Białostocka and Turośń Kościelna in Podlaskie Voivodeship. The main tasks of both reservoirs are to improve the water balance by means of regulating the levels and water outflow. Three characteristic measurement and control points were selected on both reservoirs in accordance to the water flow in the longitudinal section. The first and third points were located near the inflow and outflow of water, while the second in the middle of the reservoirs. Samples of water for the study were collected from the surface layer of the shore zone of the reservoirs once a month from March 2015 to February 2017 (water from two hydrological years was analyzed). Water samples were subject to determination of total phosphorus, total nitrogen, and chlorophyll “a” concentrations, as well as turbidity. Contamination of the water reservoirs with biogenic compounds is a common problem and at the same time difficult to eliminate due to the scattered nature of external sources of pollution, especially in the case of agricultural catchments, as well as the inflow of untreated sewage from areas directly adjacent to the reservoirs. Based on achieved results, high values of TSI (TN), TSI (TP), TSI (Chl), and overall TSI, clearly indicate the progressive degradation of water quality in analyzed reservoirs. Appearing water blooms due to the mass development of phytoplankton adversely affect the quality of water in the reservoirs and biochemical processes occurring both in water and bottom sediments, are conditioned by progressive eutrophication.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Joanna Szczykowska   
Bialystok University of Technology, Department of Technology in Engineering and Environmental Protection, ul. Wiejska 45E, 15-351 Białystok, Poland