The Influence of Electrical Current Density and Type of the External Source of Carbon on Nitrogen and Phosphorus Efficiency Removal in the Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor
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University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
Joanna Rodziewicz   

University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 117a, 10-711 Olsztyn, Poland
Publish date: 2018-09-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2018; 19(5):172–179
This work presents results of a study on the effect of electrical current density (53, 105, 158 and 210 mA/m2), type of the external source of carbon (citric acid, potassium bicarbonate), and C/NNO3 ratio (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5) on the effectiveness of nitrogen and phosphorus removal from synthetic wastewater with physicochemical parameters typical of municipal sewage subjected to bio-treatment in the highly efficient system for organic compounds removal ensuring efficient course of the nitrification process. Denitrification efficiency was found to depend on the type and dose of carbon and on electrical current density. Its higher values were determined in the reactor with citric acid than in that with potassium bicarbonate used as carbon sources. Total phosphorus was removed in the processes of electrocoagulation and biomass growth. Higher efficiency of dephosphatation was achieved in the reactor with electrical current passage than in the reactor without it. The type of carbon source had little effect on dephosphatation efficiency. The use of electrical current density of 210 mA/m2 and citric acid as a carbon source with C/N=1.5 allowed achieving 87.61(1.6)% efficiency of denitrification and 97.69(2.1)% efficiency of dephosphatation.