PL EN
The Needles of Aleppo Pine from the Province of Taza-Morocco – A Biomaterial of Great Potential
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Faculty of Sciences Dhar-El Mahraz. Fes, Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment (LIEME)/ Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
2
Laboratory of Natural Resources and Environment, Poly disciplinary Faculty of Taza, Post box 1223 Taza Gare, Morocco
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Rachid Mahmoud   

Faculty of Sciences Dhar-El Mahraz. Fes, Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment (LIEME)/ Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(1):41–50
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
 
STRESZCZENIE
The needles of the Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) (PA) are very abundant in the forest of the National Park of Tazekka (Taza-Morocco) and are unexploitable. Moreover, they constitute a potential danger because they facilitate the outbreak of wildfires. To solve this problem, we have considered turning these needles into a biomaterial that could be used as raw material for different uses, such as wastewater treatment. The biomaterial of the Aleppo pine is obtained from its needles which are harvested in spring, dried, cut, crushed, and sieved. The powder obtained is analyzed before and after the extraction of essential oil. The physicochemical and spectroscopic analyses show that this biomaterial is porous, hygroscopic, slightly acidic, moderately moist, and not very conducive. Its average density in the anhydrous state is 0.6. It is rich in carbon (79.91%) and oxygen (18.91%) in the form of aromatic compounds and ketone imprints; thus, relating the presence of cellulose, pectin, lignin, and hemicellulose. Its composition in mineral elements (Na, Mg, Ca, K, Cl, S) is deficient. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the oils extracted from the needle powder relates that it is a complex mixture of bioactive compounds such as mono-terpenoid α and β-pinene hydrocarbons. These results show that our biomaterial can be used as an adsorbent in wastewater treatment and the extracted essential oils can be used in the pharmacological, agro-food field.