THE PRESENT CONDITION OF SMALL WATER RETENTION AND THE PROSPECTS OF ITS DEVELOPMENT USING THE EXAMPLE OF THE PODLASKIE VOIVODESHIP
 
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Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska 45b, 15-351 Białystok, Poland
Publish date: 2014-07-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2014; 15(3):90–96
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ABSTRACT
The necessity and purposefulness of the investments related to water retention are justified mostly due to the preservation of the environment equilibrium as well as due to its farming, anti-flood, landscape and recreation aspects. Reasonable water management where various forms of retention are used gives large chances for the mitigation of the effects of unfavorable phenomena related to its insufficient amount. The creation of plans regarding the formation of reservoirs accumulating water is not necessarily synonymous with their realization. The reason of problems connected with the implementation of plans regarding the formation of new reservoirs lies mainly in financial measures and in problems with obtaining them. Water deficit in Poland is the reason for which the principles of its national usage need to be complied with. Realization of plans at both Voivodeship and municipality level that are focused on small retention will contribute to considerable increase in the retention capacity and will enable considerable increase in available resources in hydrographic catchments of both the characterized area and the entire country. The paper presents the characteristics of the present state and assumes the perspective development of small water retention in the Podlaskie Voivodeship using the example of the Podlaskie Voivodeship.