YIELD FORMING EFFECT OF APPLICATION OF COMPOSTS CONTAINING POLYMER MATERIALS ENRICHED IN BIOCOMPONENTS
Florian Gambuś 1  
,  
Jerzy Wieczorek 1  
,  
Tomasz Czech 1  
,  
Olga Gorczyca 1  
,  
Iwona Spałek 1  
,  
Katarzyna Urbańska 1  
,  
Jacek Babula 1  
,  
Henryk Rydarowski 2  
,  
 
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 21 A. Mickiewicza Ave., 30-120 Kraków, Poland
2
Central Mining Institute (GIG), 1 Gwarków Sq., 40-166 Katowice, Poland
Data publikacji: 15-01-2014
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2014; 15(1):81–86
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
In a pot experiment the impact of composts containing polymeric materials modified with biocomponents on the diversity of crops of oats and mustard was examined. The composts used in the study were produced in the laboratory from wheat and rape straw, and pea seed cleaning waste with 8-percent addition of chopped biopolymer materials (films) which were prepared in the Central Mining Institute (GIG) in Katowice. Three polymers differing in content of starch and density were selected for the composting. The pot experiment was conducted on three substrates: light and medium soil and on the sediment obtained after flotation of zinc and lead ores, coming from the landfill ZGH “Boleslaw” S.A. in Bukowno. The need for using such materials and substrates results from the conditions of processing some morphological fractions of municipal waste and from improving methods of reclamation. Yield enhancing effect of composts depends on the substrate on which the compost was used, cultivated plants and crop succession. Application of composts prepared with 8% of polymeric materials based on polyethylene, modified with starch as biocomponent, resulted in significantly lower yields in sandy (light) soil in case of oats and, in some cases, in medium soil. Subsequent plant yield did not differ significantly between the objects fertilized with compost.