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Application of the QuEChERS Method for the Analysis of Contamination by Pesticide Residues in the Sediments of Three Moroccan lagoons
 
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1
Laboratory of Biodiversity, Ecology, and Genome (BioEcoGen), Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 1014, Plant and Microbial Biotechnologies, Biodiversity and Environment (BioBio) Research Center, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
 
2
Hassan II Agronomic and Veterinary Institute in Rabat, Doping Control Laboratory Morocco.
 
3
The National Office of Electricity and Potable Water. Water sector, Morocco.
 
4
Botany and Valorization of Plant and Fungal Resources Team (BOVAREF), Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 1014, Plant and Microbial Biotechnologies, Biodiversity and Environment (BioBio) Research Center, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
 
5
National Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Rabat, Morocco.
 
 
Corresponding author
Rachida Fegrouche   

Laboratory of Biodiversity, Ecology, and Genome (BioEcoGen), Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 1014, Plant and Microbial Biotechnologies, Biodiversity and Environment (BioBio) Research Center, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco
 
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(12):336–345
 
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ABSTRACT
Agricultural, industrial, and domestic activities are major contributors to the contamination of natural environments. The aim of this study is to assess the level of sediment contamination by organic pollutants in three Moroccan lagoons: Moulay Bousselham, Oualidia, and Khnifiss. samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) in Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) mode to detect organophosphorus, carbamate, urea and its derivatives, and other chemical groups. Gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) was also used to analyze organochlorines. The samples were subjected to dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) using QuEChERS before analysis. Fifteen (15) active substances were detected, including organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates, ureas, pyrethroids, and others. Three active substances, known for their high toxicity in aquatic environments (carbendazim, malathion, and chlorpyrifos), were identified. The heptachlor molecule (organochlorine family), although banned in Morocco, was still detected in the sediments of the lagoons of Oualidia and Khenifiss. Given the potential harm that these pesticides can cause to living organisms, it is crucial to introduce new crop protection techniques to address this issue.