Cadmium Immobilization in the Rice - Paddy Soil with Biochar Additive
Center of Science, Technology and Environment, 149 Giang Vo str. Dong Da, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Phuong Dinh Thi Lan   

Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Data publikacji: 01-04-2022
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(4):85–95
Cadmium (Cd) is toxic for humans, but its effects on the yield and quality of rice under contaminated irrigation conditions remain uncertain. In this study, paddy soils in the Red River Delta (Vietnam) were selected for experiments with the purpose of understanding the effects of Cd contaminated irrigation water on growth, yields, and grain Cd accumulation. In addition, biochar was produced from rice husk (BRH) and rice straw for preventing Cd infiltration into rice was also studied in this experiment. A field experiment was established with applicated BRH and straw into polluted paddy soil, as a result the Cd content in grains reduced significantly. The Cd contaminated soil was added to the BRH and rice straw (RS) with six ratios, including: (1) RS 2.5%, (2) BRH 2.5%, (3) RS-BRH: 1.25%-1.25%, (4) RS 5.0%, (5) BRH 5.0%, (6) RS-BRH: 2.5%-2.5%, (w:w). Besides, three content levels 0.01 - 0.05 - 0.5 mg/L of Cd in irrigation water were applied throughout crop season. The results showed that the Cd accumulation in rice was in the following order: roots > stems > seeds. With 3 contaminated irrigation levels which were applied, the Cd concentrations of 0.05 mg/L and 0.5 mg/L affected plant height and yield. However, the Cd content in grains under contaminated soil condition can be controlled from 82.47 – 83.94% by applying a BRH ratio from 2.5 - 5% (w:w).