DIATOMS (BACILLARIOPHYCEAE) IN RIVERS AND STREAMS AND ON CULTIVATED SOILS OF THE PODKARPACIE REGION IN THE YEARS 2007–2011
Teresa Noga 1  
,  
Natalia Kochman 1  
,  
Łukasz Peszek 2  
,  
 
 
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1
Department of Biological Foundations of Agriculture and Environmental Education, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, Ćwiklińskiej 2, 35–601 Rzeszów, Poland
2
International Doctoral Studies in Natural Sciences, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, Ćwiklińskiej 2, 35–601 Rzeszów, Poland
3
Department of Soil Studies, Environmental Chemistry and Hydrology, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, Ćwiklińskiej 2, 35–601 Rzeszów, Poland
Publish date: 2014-01-15
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2014; 15(1):6–25
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ABSTRACT:
Diatoms Bacillariophyceae are a specialized, systematic group of algae, living in different types of ecosystems, and they are very good indicators of water quality. Recently, detailed studies have been carried out in the territory of the Podkarpacie Province on the diversity of diatoms in running waters. The area of study covers mostly the catchment of the biggest rivers of the province (mainly the River Wisłok) and cultivated soils. Running waters in the Podkarpacie Province are characterized by a huge species richness of diatoms, 738 different taxa have been found so far. The highest number of taxa was noted in the Wisłok River (400), while the Żołynianka and Różanka streams and the Mleczka were also characterized by huge diversity (from 200 to over 350 taxa). In the majority of studied sites diatoms of alkaline (pH>7) and nutrient rich (eutrophic) waters dominated: Navicula lanceolata, N. gregaria, N. capitatoradiata, Nitzschia palea, N. dissipata ssp. dissipata, Achnanthidium minutissimum var. minutissimum, A. pyrenaicum, Amphora pediculus, Diatoma vulgaris, Rhoicosphenia abbreviata, Planothidium lanceolatum, Cocconeis pediculus and C. placentula var. lineata. About 150 taxa were indentified on cultivated soils, among which the largest populations were formed by Hantzschia amphioxys, Mayamaea atomus, Nitzschia palea, N. pusilla, Pinnularia obscura and Stauroneis thermicola.