EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT FROM MINT ON SELECTED CROP PESTS FEEDING AND SURVIVAL
University of Agriculture in Krakow, Department of Agricultural Environment Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Krakow, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(2):119–128
Publish date: 2017-03-01
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of aqueous extracts of dried mint (Mentha piperita L.) in concentrations of 2%, 5% and 10%, and fresh parts of this plant, in concentrations of 10%, 20% and 30% on feeding of pea leaf weevil (Sitona lineatus L.) and survival of black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.) on the leaves of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) variety "Bartek". In the studies of the effects of aqueous extracts of mint on the dynamics of Sitona lineatus feeding on the beans leaves, 9 laboratory’s observations in 12-hour intervals was made. Leaves injuries on their edge surface caused by adult individuals were measured. Observations were carried out in 6 replicates divided into males and females.
In these researches on impact of water extracts from mint on mortality of wingless females and larvae of black bean aphids, 14 laboratory’s observations in the 8-hour intervals was made. Aqueous extracts of dry and fresh peppermint significantly limited the feeding of pea leaf weevil females, and the extracts from dried material were more effective. Extracts from peppermint to a greater extent caused mortality of black bean aphid larvae compared to wingless females, and the higher the concentration of the extract the more beneficial effect was observed. An extract from dried material at a concentration of 2% was too weak to effectively combat the larvae of A. fabae, while in the case of aphid females, an effectiveness was only demonstrated for the extracts at the highest concentrations, i.e., 10% of dried and 30% of fresh peppermint.
Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie, Wodna, 134, 43-502 Czechowice-Dziedzice, Poland