Estimation of Organic Soils Subsidence in the Vicinity of Hydraulic Structures- Case Study of a Subirrigation System in Central Poland
Andrzej Brandyk 1  
,   Ryszard Oleszczuk 2  
,   Janusz Urbański 3  
 
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1
Water Centre, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Ciszewskiego Str. No.6, 02-766 Warsaw, Poland
2
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Str. No.159, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Civil Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Str. No.159, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Andrzej Brandyk   

Water Centre, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Ciszewskiego Str. No.6, 02-766 Warsaw, Poland
Publication date: 2020-11-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2020; 21(8):64–74
 
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ABSTRACT
The consequences of organic soil subsidence gained considerable importance in a wide range of scientific literature. Since most of the works focused mainly on the subsidence of the land surface, less attention was paid to the effects on hydraulic structures, either to their malfunctioning or to the proper management of the subirrigation systems. For the reasons mentioned above, the paper considers the selected technical parameters (underground pipelines covering thickness and soil subsidence behind inlet and outlet protections) of 37 culverts (communication structures) and 42 culvert-gates (communication and water damming). All the structures were located within the area of a subirrigation system on the previously drained organic soils (Solec system, Mazovian Voivodship, 30 km south of Warsaw). They underwent field measurements of the pipelines covering subsidence and land surface lowering behind their protections on the left and right side of the inlet and outlet section. The achieved results were confronted with the adopted limit and admissible values. Due to the progressing congestion and subsidence of organic soil, the covering thickness of pipelines did not exceed the limit value for 38.5% of the culverts and 36% of culvert-gates. From a long-term perspective (1971-2014) the average subsidence rates in the vicinity of the structures and surrounding peatland surface were found as comparable, ranging from 0.63 to 0.83 cm/year. Particular attention was paid to the influence of water damming that was evident for the inlet sections of culvert-gates showing considerably lower subsidence and damage degree.