HOMEMADE SLOW-ACTION FERTILIZERS, AS AN ECONOMIC SOLUTION FOR ORGANIC FOOD PRODUCTION
Department of Land Protection, Opole University, Oleska Str. 22, 45-052 Opole, Poland
Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, Oświęcimska Str. 21, 45-641 Opole, Poland
Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Skłodowskiej-Curie Str. 34, 41–819 Zabrze, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(2):78–85
Publish date: 2017-03-01
Organic plant cultivation, especially those intended for human consumption, poses new requirements for gardening. It is recommended to use organic slow-action fertilizers, which provide doses of nutrients essential for plants for a long time. Particularly valuable fertilizers are those that arise within the household, due to their high quality and the absence of costs associated with their purchase and transport. Organic matter contained in the food industry waste or arising in households, in the absence of contamination by other types of waste, can be used for self-production of organic fertilizer. The paper presents the results of testing organic fertilizers, which you can make yourself, destined for the cereal plants. The experimental fertilizers were made from coffee spent grounds (CSG) and ash from the thermal conversion of biomass (A), and the components limiting the amount of pests in the form of leaves and flowers of tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.). The fertilizer can be used at the time of planting and sowing, because of the slow release of nutrients. Moreover, the addition of leaves and flowers of tansy helps to protect the seedling due to the content of essential oils. As a comparison, the horse manure and rabbit droppings fertilizers were used. Such fertilizers can be prepared independently, which leads not only to reducing the weight of biodegradable and mineral waste, but also provides the ability to generate financial savings of the household and promote organic gardening. Fertilizers made from a mixture of CSG and A support the implementation of good agricultural practice and sustainable development.
Department of Land Protection, Opole University, Oleska Str. 22, 45-052 Opole, phone +4877 401 60 20, Oleska Str 22, 45-052 Opole, Poland