Identification of Pollution Patterns and Sources in a Semi-Arid Urban Stream
 
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1
Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Anavissos, Attica, Greece
2
Directorate of Environment and Climate Change, Region of Attica, Polytechniou 4, Athens, Greece
Publish date: 2018-03-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2018; 19(2):99–113
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ABSTRACT:
The impact and occurrence of human-induced pollution sources have been investigated in one of the few remaining urban streams located in Attica, Greece. Baseline information is provided on the presence and concentration of physicochemical parameters, nutrients, total coliforms, hydrocarbons and phenols in 12 key points along the Pikrodafni stream. The aim was to evaluate the relative importance of key water quality variables and their sources. Indicator substances (i.e. concentrations of nitrate, ammonium, phosphate and total coliforms in certain stations indicating wastewater exposure; PAHs indicating petroleum sources) successfully related the water quality variables to pollution sources. Furthermore, a pollution pressure map has been developed with the activities identified from in-situ visits and Google Earth surveys, while the statistical analysis (CA and PCA) has contributed to the further exploration of the relative magnitude of pollution sources effects. Our results underline initially the importance of diffuse pollution management accompanied by the necessity for continuous environmental monitoring and the application of legal and environmental restoration actions if water quality is to be improved according to WFD 2000/60/EC.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Elias Dimitriou   
Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, 46.7 km of Athens-Sounio Av., 19013, Anavissos, Attica, Greece