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Limiting the Hurtful Oxidative Stress and Seasonal Physiological Adaptations in Seashore Paspalum through the Use of Banana Waste Biochar and Compost Mixtures
 
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1
Laboratory of Biotechnology, Materials, and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir Morocco, BP8106 Agadir
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Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
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Higher Institute of Maritime Fisheries, Agadir, Morocco
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Laboratory of Biotechnology, Materials and Environment, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Ait Melloul Morocco
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Dounia Fetjah   

Laboratory of Biotechnology, Materials, and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir Morocco, BP8106 Agadir
Publication date: 2022-01-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(1):216–227
 
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ABSTRACT
The study's purpose was to reduce the oxidative stress, seasonal physiological changes of paspalum vaginatum and ameliorate soil properties through the addition of banana waste biochar and compost. Different rates of organic amendments were incorporated into sandy loam soil to investigate their impact on paspalum physiological, biochemical, and development in pot and field settings over three seasons (winter, spring and summer).Under the conditions of these two places, paspalum leaves gas exchange characteristics, stomatal traits, anatomy traits, relative water content, proline, antioxidant enzyme activities, and paspalum pigments were determined. For the irrigation system, two rates were chosen: 20% and 60% of the water holding capacity of the control plot WHC. In this study, two advanced statistical analyses were conducted. A factor analysis of mixed data (FAMD) was performed for the analysis of the effect of our charcoal on soil data. Meanwhile, the impact of banana waste biochar on biological activities was investigated using multiple factorial analysis (MFA). The use of biochar and compost blends boosted the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of treated soils, according to our findings. Furthermore, the use of banana waste biochar improved biological basis in the summer season compared with previous seasons. Different antioxidant capacities in seashore paspalum were boosted in the improved soils compared to the untreated ones.