Macrozoobentos Distribution as a Bioindicator of Water Quality in the Upstream of the Citarum River
Nurul Chazanah 1  
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Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Lb. Siliwangi, Kecamatan Coblong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40132
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Barti Setiani Muntalif   

Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Lb. Siliwangi, Kecamatan Coblong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40132
Publication date: 2020-04-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2020; 21(3):10–17
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ABSTRACT
This study aims to prove the type and abundance of macrozoobenthos are affected by the physico-chemical condition of the habitat so that it can be used as a bioindicator in assessing river water quality with a case study in the Upstream of Citarum River. The method used in this study consists of two stages, namely determining the status of river quality with pollution index and determining the components to see the relationship of the water quality parameters to the abundance of macrozoobenthos with principal component analysis. On the basis of these studies, the results were that at the location of the study status of the river quality is slightly polluted and mildly polluted. For the slightly polluted status Corbicula sp. was used as the dominant macrozoobenthos parameter with the parameters of dissolved oxygen, organic carbon and N-O in the clay-dominated sediments. In turn, for the river areas with mild pollution, Enallagma sp., Tubifex sp., and Chironomous sp. were used as bioindicators and they have a relationship with the parameters of nitrate, TSS, and P-total.