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Processes of Natural Self-Cleaning of Small Watercourses with Increasing Anthropogenic Load in the Dniester River Basin
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Hydrotechnics and Water Engineering, Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Systems, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Karpinsky str., 6, Lviv, 79013, Ukraine
2
Department of Ecology, Lviv National Environmental University, Volodymyra Velykoho str., 1, Dublyany, Lviv region, 30831, Ukraine
3
Department of Ecology, Institute of Ecological Economics and Management, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Gen. Chuprynky St.,103, Lviv, 79057, Ukraine
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Ihor Hnativ   

Department of Ecology, Institute of Ecological Economics and Management, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Gen. Chuprynky St.,103, Lviv, 79057, Ukraine
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(2):12–18
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
 
STRESZCZENIE
Small river basins are complex self-regulatory systems, as well as indicators of the state of the environment due to the level of anthropogenic pressure. Since any changes in the regime of small rivers are reflected in the entire hydrographic chain, the problem of estimating the anthropogenic load on small rivers of Ukraine is relevant for modern hydrochemistry and hydroecology. The main sources of water pollution are industrial and domestic effluents, which increase the inflow of pesticides, heavy metal ions, etc. Aquatic ecosystems of small rivers are subject to intense mechanical and biochemical effects, and about 80% of pollutants are washed into water bodies. Water bodies located on the territory or near large cities and urban areas are particularly exposed to man-made pollution. In the territory of the Dniester river basin, natural landscapes are maximally preserved in comparison with other regions of Western Ukraine, but in modern conditions we observe an increase in the negative anthropogenic impact on the quality of natural waters. Hydrodynamic barriers or hydrodynamically active areas (HAA) of mountain rivers, which are significantly saturated with oxygen in the water flow, which activates the processes of biochemical and biological self-cleaning of natural waters, are important to increase the efficiency of self-purification processes. Natural biological cleaning of pollutants in small rivers is highly effective due to the overgrowth of aquatic vegetation. The aim of the work was to establish the ability of the aquatic ecosystem of a small river to self-purify on the basis of hydrochemical indicators of water quality. The compliance with sanitary and hygienic requirements of hydrochemical indicators of Kolodnytsia river water of the right tributary of the Dniester was analyzed and possible regularities of their changes were established, as well as the main factors of anthropogenic impact on a small river and the possibility of laboratory modeling of such rivers. It was found that in the Kolodnytsia River the processes of self-cleaning are quite active, which are caused by the hydrological characteristics of the river and the presence of hydrodynamically active areas in the foothills of the basin. Therefore, at present there is no steady excess of pollutants relative to the MPC.