Reducing the Reactive Powder Concrete Weight by Using Building Waste as Replacement of Cement
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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
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Zena K. Abbas   

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(8):25-32
The ability of reducing the high weight of reactive powder concrete (RPC) by decreasing the cement content using waste demolished building material to produce the eco-friendly sustainable RPC was the main goal of the experimental lab investigation. The collecting, crushing and grinding to high fineness the powder waste of clay brick, window glass and terrazzo tile constituted the best way to dispose without the need for a waste sanitary landfill. Nine RPC mixtures with 5, 10 and 15% partial replacement of cement weight in addition to control mix were prepared to investigate the strength. The slight enhancement strength of the RPC containing 5% of very fine powder clay brick or window glass or terrazzo tile as cement weight replacement cement up to (4.9,4.2,4.5)% - – brick, (2,1.8,1.6)% - – glass and (1.5,0.5,0.8)% - – tile for (compressive-flexural –tensile), respectively, at 28 days compared to the control mix. The percentage of 10% still yielded acceptable strength results, while 15% presented the starting of reduction of (compressive-flexural –tensile) strength.
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