Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.9
ICV
 
 

STRATEGIC ISSUES GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION MANAGEMENT IN RUSSIA

 
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Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Kadetskaya line 17-5, 199004 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(3):13–21
Publish date: 2017-05-02
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ABSTRACT:
Water is a key component of our environment; it is a renewable, limited and vulnerable natural resource, which provides economic, social, and environmental well-being of the population. The most promising source of drinking water supply is groundwater usage. Drinking and industrial groundwater is one of the most important components of the groundwater mineral resource base in the Russian Federation. Modern system of groundwater extraction management and state regulation is currently imperfect and has definite disadvantages, among them - lack of control over natural resources by the state, an old system of tax rates for the use of groundwater, commercialization stage of licensing, the budget deficit, which is passed on other spheres of the national economy. This article provides general information about the state of groundwater production and supply in Russia, negative trends of groundwater usage, some actions for the improvement in the system of groundwater’s fund management are suggested. The most important amendments of the law “About mineral resources” are overviewed, effects of these changes are revealed and recommendations for future groundwater extraction regulation are given.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Ekaterina I. Golovina   
Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Kadetskaya line 17-5, 199004 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
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