Soil Cover State at Oil Field Construction and its Protection
Yuriy Sivkov 1  
 
 
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Tyumen Industrial University, 38, Volodarskogo street, Tyumen, 625000, Russian Federation
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Yuriy Sivkov   

Tyumen Industrial University, 38, Volodarskogo street, Tyumen, 625000, Russian Federation
Publication date: 2020-02-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2020; 21(2)
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ABSTRACT
This article deals with the problems of soil cover disturbance and contamination at oil field construction. It provides a description of the set of measures aimed at ensuring the soil protection at the construction of industrial facilities at oil fields. The research object was the soil located at the interface of the wooded tundra and the southern tundra. This soil is characterized by the peculiar features of the soil cover that are determined by the certain commonality of the climate, as well as the similarity of the landscape evolution. The work included studying the content of the polluting matters in the tundra marshy and alluvial soddy soil located at the interface of the wooded tundra and southern tundra. The article contains a detailed analysis of measures aimed at the decrease of the impact on the soil cover during the construction of approach ways to stop valve stations and line facilities. The measures on the reliability and safety improvement of the pipeline operation, preservation of the stream conditions, measure aimed at the prevention and minimization of the negative impact on the geological environment, and measures for far-sighted use and protection of soil quarries (sand and turf) have also been considered.