Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.9
ICV
 
 

The State of Water and Wastewater Management in the Municipalities of the Polesie National Park

Diana Podbrożna 2  ,  
Katarzyna Kopczacka 2  ,  
Michał Marzec 1  ,  
Patrycja Pochwatka 1  ,  
Agnieszka Listosz 1  ,  
 
1
Department of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
2
Student Science Association of Water and Wastewater Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(6):192–199
Publish date: 2017-11-01
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The aim of the work is to present the current state of water and wastewater management in the municipalities where the Polesie National Park (PNP) is located. The PNP is situated in Lublin Voivodeship, in the area of six municipalities: Sosnowica, Hańsk, Urszulin, Stary Brus, Wierzbica and Ludwin. The data used in this paper, were obtained on the basis of the surveys conducted in these municipalities in 2016 by the Department of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy of the University of Life Sciences in Lublin. In the analyzed communes, there was a very large disproportion between the usage of sewerage and the water supply network. It has been shown that 79.1% of the inhabitants living in the afore-mentioned communes used the water supply network and only 22.5% of them used sewerage. In the discussed communities there are 9 collective, mechanical and biological wastewater treatment plants with a capacity of over 5 m3d-1. On the farms located in the scattered areas, which are not connected to the sewerage, wastewater is discharged mainly to the septic tanks. In four out of the six analyzed municipalities, there were 2345 septic tanks registered. Domestic sewage from some farms is purified in household wastewater treatment plants (395 pieces). The plants with the drainage systems are prevalent (84.9%), which may contribute to the groundwater quality degradation. In order to protect the natural environment within the communes that form the PNP, it is necessary to undertake the actions that will contribute to the improvement of the current state of water and wastewater management. While solving the existing problems related to water supply and wastewater treatment, it is strongly required to adhere to the principle of sustainable development and use highly effective systems in order to ensure that the ecological effects are appropriate.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Krzysztof Jóżwiakowski   
Department of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland