THE CONTENT OF MACRO- AND MICROELEMENTS IN THE SHOOTS OF GLYCERIA MAXIMA OF THE SŁUPIA RIVER
 
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1
Environmental Chemistry Department, Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University, Arciszewskiego 22b St., 76-200 Slupsk, Poland, e-mail: parzycha1@op.pl
2
Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Management, University of Warmia – Mazury, Plac Łódzki 2, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
Publish date: 2014-10-07
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2014; 15(4):29–36
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ABSTRACT
The study shows the content of macro- and microelements in the leaves and rhizomes of Glyceria maxima of the Słupia River in Słupsk. The content of macro- and microelements in G. maxima was analyzed for each component separately and in an integrated way, and comparing the demand for nutritions. The largest quantity of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium were found in the leaves, meanwhile zinc, iron, manganese, nickel and copper in the G. maxima rhizomes. The amount of Zn and Cu, in all of the tested positions, within the range of the limit ​​for the plants, and the concentrations of Ni and Mn exceed physiological needs. The U Mann Whitney test showed a number of statistically significant differences in the concentration of the analyzed elements in leaves – rhizomes, leaves – bottom sediment and rhizome - bottom sediment relation. The relations between designated heavy metals formed a following series: Mn>Fe>Zn>Ni>Cu in leaves and Fe>Mn>Zn>Ni>Cu in rhizomes. The G. maxima shoots accumulated 985.8 do 1441.4 mmolc·kg-1 in all the analyzed components, and the lower value of the sum of the accumulated macro- and microelements were found in rhizomes. The sum of ion comospition of the macronutrients in the leaves and rhizomes was similar. The content of nitrogen was 51.7–53.7% of this amount, 5.8–8.6% phosphorus, potassium 22.8 – 26.6%, 4.9-5.8% of magnesium, calcium, 8.2–11.9%, and trace elements were 0.58% in total, in the case of leaves and 8.70% in the rhizomes.