Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.94
ICV
 
 

EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT FROM CHAMOMILE ON BLACK BEAN APHID AND COLORADO POTATO BEETLE

Barbara Biniaś 1  ,  
 
1
University of Agriculture in Krakow, Department of Agricultural Environment Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Krakow, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(3):118–124
Publish date: 2017-05-02
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ABSTRACT:
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of aqueous extracts of dried chamomille (Matricaria chamomilla L.), in concentrations of 2%, 5% and 10%, and fresh parts of this plant, in concentrations of 10%, 20% and 30% on survival of black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.) on the leaves of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) variety "Bartek" and on feeding of Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say.) on the leaves of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) variety “Bellarosa”. In these researches on impact of water extracts from chamomille on mortality of wingless females and larvae of black bean aphid, 15 laboratory’s observations in the 8-hour intervals was made. In the studies of the effects of aqueous extracts of chamomille on the dynamics of Leptinotarsa decemlineata feeding on the potato leaves, 4 laboratory’s observations in 12-hour intervals was made. Observations were carried out in 6 replicates divided into L2 and L4 larvae stages. Aquatic extracts of chamomile limited the survival of black bean aphid larvae and wingless females – the higher the concentration, the stronger the effects of the extract, where young insects were found to be more susceptible. Extracts of the dried plant whose concentration was below 5% and extracts of the fresh plant whose concentration was below 20% were found to be ineffective against black bean aphids. In all the analysed concentrations the aquatic extracts of chamomile were found to be ineffective against L2 and L4 larvae of Colorado potato beetle.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Barbara Biniaś   
University of Agriculture in Krakow, Wodna 134, 43-502 Czechowice-Dziedzice, Poland